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Chile Population

The population of Chile in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 15,805,000, which placed it as number 60 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 7% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 28% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 98 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000–2005 is 1.23%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 18,019,000. The population density in 2002 was 20 per sq km (53 per sq mi). However, over 80% of the people live in the central region, between La Serena and Concepción, although this area covers little more than a quarter of the country.

In the 1992 Chilean census, a total of 10.5% of the total population surveyed declared themselves indigenous, irrespective of whether they currently practiced or spoke a native culture and language; almost one million people (9.7% of the total) declared themselves Mapuche, 0.6% declared to be Aymara, and a 0.2% reported as Rapanui. At the 2002 census, only indigenous people that still practiced or spoke a native culture and language were surveyed: 4.6% of the population (692,192 people) fit that description; of these, 87.3% declared themselves Mapuche.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 86% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. Santiago, the capital and largest city, had a population of 5,440,000 in 2002. Other large cities include Viña del Mar, 302,765; Valparaíso, 276,737; Talcahuano, 246,556; Concepción, 329,304; Antofagasta, 226,749; Temuco, 240,880; and Rancagua, 187,134. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000–2005 was 1.5%. Nearly 70% of the people are at least nominally Roman Catholic. Spanish is the country's official language.


16,284,741 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 24.1% (male 2,010,576/female 1,920,951)
15-64 years: 67.4% (male 5,480,703/female 5,492,988)
65 years and over: 8.5% (male 576,698/female 802,825) (2007 est.)

Median age
total: 30.7 years
male: 29.8 years
female: 31.7 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate
0.916% (2007 est.)

Birth rate
15.03 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate
5.87 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.047 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.998 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.718 male(s)/female
total population: 0.982 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

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